Annapurna region located in Gandaki zone of north-central Nepal with Annapurna I, 10th highest in the world, 13 seven thousanders and more than 16 six thousander bounded by the Kali Gandaki river in the west, Marsyangdi on the east and Pokhara valley to the south extending over 55 kms. Annapurna region is open to trekkers since 1977 but the history of expedition goes back to 1950 when the french expedition led by Maurice Herzog and Louis Lachenal and remained the first ever climbed eight thousander until three years later Mount Everest was successfully summitted. However the Annapurna expedition is recognised as one of the most challenging and dreadful ones as it stands first among all the fourteen eight thousanders in the whole world when it comes to fatalities. The whole region extends to 7,629 sq km and is protected and maintained by Nepal’s first and largest conservation area Annapurna Conservation Area, home to many world famous treks including the Annapurna circuit.
The Annapurna Conservation Area supports a high diversity of flora and fauna species. A total of 1,226 species of plants (including 38 orchid species and 9 Rhododendron species), 101 species of reptiles and 22 species of amphibians have been recorded in the ACA. The area harbours rare and endangered wildlife species such as the Snow Leopard, Musk Deer, Tibetan Argali, Impeyan Pheasant and Tragopan Pheasant. The ACA provides a large protected area with the entire habitat gradient from sub tropical Sal forests to perennial snow in which to maintain the Biodiversity and integrity of the central Himalayas.